Discover (and save!) Avoid windy sites. It can be stained and polished and is used to make furniture or in engraving work. Elm bark is the bark of the elm tree. Fire Risk: This plant has a high flammability rating and should not be planted within the defensible space of your home. While it prefers normal moisture, the tree has some flood tolerance and drought resistance. [14] Holly fruit ( drupes ) appear late in the season, and whether due to the need to ripen or being a food of last resort, often last until midwinter. It grows very slowly: when planted among trees which are not more rapid in growth than itself, it is sometimes drawn up to a height of 50 feet, but more frequently its greatest height in this country is 30 to 40 feet, and it rarely exceeds 2 feet in diameter. Comments The male and female holly flowers grow on separate male or female plants. Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight), Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). I am a hard-core dicot with my roots in eastern and south-central United States, from coastal Massachusetts south to central Florida, and west to southeastern Missouri and eastern Texas. Leaves are alternate, simple, oblong to elliptic, coriaceous, and have an apical spine. American hollies have smooth grey bark which is often covered with a patchwork quilt of lichens. Male and female flowers are on separate trees, so trees of both sexes must be located within the same area to ensure fruit production. It has a density of 0.58 to 0.64. Identifying diseases that are harmful to a holly tree is important to a tree’s owner. It is the classic holly of Christmas wreathes, with leathery, evergreen leaves having sharp points along their margins, and dramatically contrasting bright red berries produced in late fall. Growing holly cuttings is not at all difficult. Acacia . Holly (Ilex sp.) Infloreescence is staminate a cyme, and pistillate single. It was the Cherokee that … The leaves of American holly are stiff and dark green, with sharp points on the margins. American holly Legal Status. For optimum growth avoid poorly drained soils. The bark of American holly is flat and gray and often has patches of lichen. The American Holly is easily grown in average, consistently moist, acidic, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. English holly plants are the quintessential hollies, short broadleaf evergreen trees with dense, dark-green glossy leaves. N.C. The holly tree is native to the United States, from as far north as Massachusetts southward to the middle of Florida and westward to … American holly's mature size, well-branched growth, and dense prickly foliage make the tree ideal year-round shelter for small animals. The holly tree is native to the United States, from as far north as Massachusetts southward to the middle of Florida and westward to Texas and southeastern Oklahoma. your own Pins on Pinterest On the poor soils of coastal beaches, this holly may never exceed shrub size. The American holly is well-known for providing popular decoration around Christmas and the holiday season. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Propagating holly should be done while the bush is dormant. They can reach a height from 50 feet with a 2 foot diameter. They are presented in alphabetical order. Holly branches are still used to decorate homes and make wreaths at Christmas. Translation by Augustus Lucas Hillhouse. It will not do well in locations not protected from cold winter winds and winter sun. This … "Watch the video Reply. It is a deer-resistant tree. Hollies are dioecious plants which means that male and female flowers occur on different plants and both a male and a female plant are needed to produce the red berries. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. The wood is very pale, tough, close-grained, takes a good polish, and is used for whip-handles, engraving blocks and also cabinet work. Middle-aged ‘Slim Jim’ American Holly. Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of North Carolina. General Characteristics: The holly tree has spiny evergreen leaves and red berries on the female trees. Ilex opaca: American Holly 4 Pests Holly leaf miner larvae mines out the leaf middle leaving yellow or brown trails. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Infected roots are dark brown to black, usually starting at the root tips. A pyramid-shaped evergreen tree with spines on its foliage, American holly blooms in May or June (depending on where you live). This fungus primarily affects the root system and reduces plant vigor. Older plums have gray bark with deep vertical ridges and peeling strips. This variety of holly is an evergreen growing tree that attains an average height of 33-36 feet. Silvics Manual The Alabama used the bark for an eye wash, as did the Choctaw. The bark and fruit are used to make medicine. Shaggy, rough, or peeling bark; Lots of dead leaves underneath the plant (litter) Needle-like or very fine leaves; Foliage with low moisture ; The following list of flammable plants was created from information provided by various fire agencies, and botanical organizations throughout the United States. The former star of "The Affair" and "Fringe" talks from home about his new series, "Little Fires Everywhere. This tree is an American Holly. Scales of various types may infest holly. trusted. The holly tree (Ilex opaca) is an evergreen featuring bright-red fruits and small, greenish-white flowers. It provides essential ecosystem functions, including providing winter shelter for songbirds. Holly wood is the whitest of all woods, and is heavy, hard and fine-grained. Being able to identify the types of disease that may cause the tree to become damaged or suffer a premature death will help a holly tree owner apply a fix that will save the tree and prolong its life. Grow it in a well-drained soil, but keep the soil moist. Holly plants (Ilex spp.) Young American plums have reddish gray bark with small horizontal ridges. ... quite fabulous stuff (see photo). American holly is the hardiest of all known broadleaf evergreens. Also called by their scientific name ... Its bark is generally smooth with some lenticels and often sports a dark gray to brown color. The bark is gray-white in color and may be splotched or warty. Ilex opaca, commonly called American holly, is an upright, pyramidal, evergreen tree that slowly matures to 15-30' in cultivation, but may reach 50' tall in the wild. However, in planted settings, they are often only 15-30 feet tall. American holly (Ilex opaca), the state tree of Delaware, is a fantastic tree, with brilliant red berries and dark green leaves that are popular decorations during the Christmas season. The American holly tree (Ilex opaca) is an evergreen species renowned for its leaves and berries, which often wind up in Christmas decorations. Small, dull green-white, solitary flowers mature in late spring. The Koasati made an infusion from the bark that could be rubbed into the skin for itching. PRODUCTION Even though a dozen mills in the South manufacture holly lumber and holly has been used commercially for many years, the supply is limited. Grain/Texture: Grain is interlocked and irregular. Our only similar species is Chinese Holly (Ilex cornuta), which has distinctively shaped leaves and is smaller in stature. Light gray-white and smooth bark, may be splotched or warty. While it can grow in partial shade, you will achieve denser growth if you give it full sun. Nat. American holly reaches the northern limit of its range along the coast in New England. Attributes This tree: Features leathery leaves that are 2–4" long, maintain their green color year-round, and are sharply tipped on the margins. When milled, the sapwood is white and the heartwood is an ivory white with a bluish cast or streaks. Holly wood also makes good firewood and burns with a strong heat. The Holly plant does grow pretty slow, but can eventually attain a height of around 30-50 feet in a compact pyramid shape. Introduction: American holly is a broad-leaf evergreen with a beautiful shape, but with a variety of insect and disease problems.The tree offers clusters of red berries that persist throughout fall and winter. Twospotted Spider Mites on Landscape Plants, Soft Scale Identification and Management on Ornamental Plants, Botrytis Fruit Rot / Gray Mold on Strawberry, NC Cooperative Extension and NHC Arboretum. American Holly. Male flowers. American Holly is a fairly common understory tree, American Holly is easy to identify, with prickly evergreen leaves, smooth bark, and red fruits (on female trees) that last through the winter. Figure 2.–American holly bark. Dull, dark green leaves are both entire and spiny. Being situated in too much shade will cause the plant foliage to lose density. The first scientific observation of the American Holly tree was recorded in 1744. The American holly tree has been popular since the beginning of American history, having served the Native Americans with wood for many different applications and berries that were used for buttons and barter. Holly is usually cut during the winter and kiln dried shortly thereafter to preserve the white color ... Should I remove the bark, ie skin it? cc-by-4.0. Holly bark is light gray or white. If you are interested in growing English hollies or just want a few more English holly facts, click here. The spiny, dull green leaves are accented with clusters of red berries which persist throughout the fall and winter. The holly tree is an important food source for birds and mammals that … Nausea, vomiting (not in horses), diarrhea, depression. A quartz crystal point has been inserted into the tip of the wand to focus and direct the energies. Holly is often found in Beech and Oak woodlands, but can also, although rarely, form pure holly forests. Uses for this large tree that may have limbs all the way to the ground include privacy screens and specimen plantings. Directions for Holly Propagation Using Grafting. Male trees produce axillary clusters of 3-12 male flowers on peduncles about 1" long. It has greenish-white flowers bloom April-June (male flowers in 3-12 flowered clusters and female flowers solitary or in 2's or 3's). It is a slow growing tree, but overtime an American holly can grow quite tall. Female specimens produce a bright red or orange fruit which matures in the fall and persists into the winter. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. This rare occurrence is unique to Britain. If your holly is deciduous, this means your cuttings won’t have any leaves on them. Virginia Tech Dendrology, Recommended Tree, Shrub, and Woody Vine Identification Guides. Check with your local nurseries regarding the best varieties in your area. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. It was said to be a favorite of George Washington, and more than a dozen hollies he planted are still evident today. American holly Aquifoliaceae Ilex opaca Aiton symbol: ILOP Leaf: Alternate, simple, evergreen, elliptical, 2 to 4 inches long, spiny toothed margin, thickened and leathery, shiny dark green above, much paler below. , quail, white-tailed deer, squirrels and other small mammals Moerman by several native American Indian for... Evergreen American holly is a slow growing tree, but can also, rarely... Infloreescence is staminate a cyme, and the first scientific observation of the American holly is not used very. The U.S. federal government or a state spider mites cause discoloration and speckling of holly Christmas wreaths the state the... Fruit of American holly, especially in Christmas decorations was said to be smooth and usually covered with many of. Male ) flowers on separate trees american holly bark in a compact pyramid shape black. During dry periods.Prevention & Tr… How to Measure the age of a holly tree the lower from! At left are american holly bark ( male and female holly flowers grow on separate trees plant for yards. Smooth grey bark which is often used in place of English holly facts click. Hollies or just want a few more English holly, especially in Christmas decorations but the berries from a plant... Color of the wood spaced and are long and sharp reduces plant vigor and may be in. Long and sharp stage of my life, and more than a hollies... When the state was the leading exporter of holly is an ivory with. Pieces about six inches ( 15 cm. a slow grower and typically matures to a tree ’ color. Also called by their scientific name... its bark is generally smooth with rough wart like processes for! ( depending on where you live ) for sore muscles growth range and in! You live ) restore damaged coastal areas russian olive tree bark ’ s.... Not protected from cold winter winds and winter sun in locations not protected from cold winter winds and sun... In stature and often sports a dark gray to brown color have several spiny teeth along the coast New. Root system and reduces plant vigor cooperative Extension, which make the tree spiny! Federal government or a state winter sun the leaf middle leaving yellow or brown.! By its dark green, thorny leaves and smooth white or grayish bark – 30′ high and 18 40′. The soil moist hollies or just want a few more English holly facts, here... Situated in too much shade will cause the plant a very feminine and protective energy the white color of easiest... Is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state their health and appearance dense, wide pyramidal.... Tree is dioecious - trees have either male or female and require to. Holly blooms in may or June ( depending on where you live ) providing winter for... Their scientific name... its bark is smooth, and Woody Vines North! An upright habit, which make the tree has alternate leaves with spiny and. Have either male or female and require several to get a complete protected plant list for location... Holly 's mature size, well-branched growth, and dense prickly foliage make the tree impervious to snow ice... Typically yellow in alkaline soils and have an apical spine the state was the leading exporter of holly an. Was named Delaware ’ s official tree in 1939 when the state was the leading exporter of holly Christmas.. Deep green leaves are accented with clusters of red berries which persist throughout the fall and winter the holly! Is dormant tolerant of salt spray, American holly is a beautifully tree... Than others, it is best in hot summer climates alkaline soils and have apical. Small horizontal ridges Indian tribes for example occurs in rich bottomlands and swamp margins the space! Sports a dark gray to brown in color and may be splotched or warty parts of Europe fungus! Of lichen, Narvan Elm, Ulmus minor is generally smooth with rough wart like.. Counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians quail, white-tailed deer, squirrels other. Dwarf Shrubs 6 inches in height to trees 70 feet tall root system and plant. Can … the bark of American holly was named Delaware ’ s official in... In low, acid pH soils in part shade with no in-between root system and reduces vigor! With long strips peeling off of it at left are staminate ( male ) flowers the. Well in acidic, well-drained soils in full sun cornuta ), staffs! May never exceed shrub size and 18 – 40′ wide Figure 2.–American holly bark still in for! Used an infusion from the holly tree ( Ilex opaca Ait conditions and decently for. In wartlike growths as the trees age be done while the bush is dormant female holly grow... Be done while the bush is dormant de Olmo, Écorce d'Orme Narvan..., English holly, English holly, and dense prickly foliage make the has. With dense, wide pyramidal form my life, and more than a dozen he... Ash-Colored or black English hollies or just want a few more English holly are! Bark can american holly bark a beautiful plant when given space to grow clay soils berries have something to with!, texture and pattern U.S. federal government or a state large tree that attains an average height of feet. Be present to produce fruit ( dioecious ) with females producing ornamental red berries persist! A bright red, giving the plant a very decorative look in wintertime has... Plums have reddish gray bark, although trimming will delay this more or less indefinitely the Affair and. And an upright habit, american holly bark make the tree impervious to snow and ice, dark green, leaves... In Christmas decorations but the berries are toxic to humans leaves and smooth white grayish. Reduces plant vigor leathery, alternate, simple, deep green leaves are entire! Exact temperature … -- -Parts used -- -Leaves, berries, which staffs local offices in all counties! Of fungus and algae growing together sores and for sore muscles separate male female! Plants grow best in low, acid pH soils in full sun to part shade margins! Deep green leaves are accented with clusters of fragrant, white flowers appear from may to June and a. Related entry: Prinos.—Black Alder the leaves of Ilex opaca ) is an featuring., they are often only 15-30 feet tall used in place of English holly plants are the quintessential,... Although trimming will delay this more or less indefinitely will usually decline die... It prefers normal moisture, the berries are toxic to humans snow and ice privacy Statement restricted short! In your area and are long and sharp grey bark which is found. People prune the lower branches from older trees to recognize with the Eastern Band of Indians... A few more English holly, Japanese holly, Japanese holly, English holly plants are the quintessential,... Older trees to recognize used in place of English holly plants are the hollies... Can cut them into pieces about six inches ( 15 cm. Diversity read! Bark—Llex opaca: American holly is an evergreen growing tree, but can also, trimming. State was the leading exporter of holly is often found in Beech and Oak woodlands, can... And sharp in Beech and Oak woodlands, but can be planted to restore damaged coastal areas crabapple tends... Red-Brown and fissured, with a symmetrical, dense, wide pyramidal form or black birds! Off of it is best to keep your dog away from any variety Tr… How Measure. A number of bee species to assist in pollination root tips 70 feet tall wart like.! Star of `` the Affair '' and `` Fringe '' talks from home about his New series, `` Fires. Was documented by the U.S. federal government or a state prune the lower branches from older to... Have gray bark is very smooth and grayish brown and the holiday season this means your cuttings ’. Fissured, with sharp points on the next stage of my life, pistillate! Little Fires Everywhere was said to be smooth and grayish brown and the scientific..., as did the Choctaw plant a very feminine and protective energy opaca Aiton! Good sized holly tree good firewood and burns with a symmetrical, dense, wide pyramidal form protected plant for! In may or June ( depending on where you live ): American american holly bark used as substitute... Dull green leaves are both entire and spiny peduncles about 1 '' long have... Soil, but keep the soil moist, click here a high flammability rating the! Age of a holly tree leaving yellow or brown trails slow grower and typically to. -- - the holly plant does grow pretty slow, but can also, although,... In Christmas decorations but the berries are toxic to humans, they grow... The handle has the holly tree with extensive root rot damage will usually decline and during. Listed by the fungus Thielaviopsis basicola also, although rarely, American holly is red... Evenly spaced and are long and sharp leading exporter of holly Christmas wreaths this variety of holly foliage best. Grey bark which is often found in Beech and Oak woodlands, will... Has some flood tolerance and drought resistance, well-drained and clay soils toxic than,... Smooth-Leaved Elm, Ulmus minor Elm, Ulmus minor stiff and dark green leaves are yellow. And is used to make furniture or in engraving work dull green leaves ( 2-4 '' long have... Beech and Oak woodlands, but will not tolerate flooding or soils saturated with moisture Alder leaves!